Azerbaijani - Romanian relations


History of relations: Historical facts prove that the foundations of the Azerbaijani-Romanian relations were laid down in the 15th century. In 1473, the Aggoyunlu ruler Uzun Hasan and the Moldavian prince Stephan the Great signed an agreement on military cooperation. This cooperation has continued during the reign of Safavids. It is assumed that the first print work in Azerbaijani appeared with the participation of the Romanian prince Dmitry Kantemir. Accompanying Peter I in his journey to the pre-Caspian countries Prince Dmitry wrote the text of the king's appeal to the local population in the Azerbaijani language (Tatar).

Bilateral political relations: Romania recognized the independence of Azerbaijan on December 11, 1991. Embassy of Romania to Azerbaijan opened in 1997, for the first time in 2001 among the countries of the Eastern Europe, the Azerbaijani embassy was opened in Romania. In July 1995, President of the Republic of Azerbaijan Heydar Aliyev arrived in Romania on an official visit. Meeting the Romanian President, Heydar Aliyev appreciated the invitation of the Romanian President as an important step in the development of friendly relations between the two countries. During the President's visit to Romania a declaration on friendship and cooperation between Azerbaijan and Romania and an agreement on cooperation in the sphere of science education, culture, sport and economy was signed. After the signature of the intergovernmental and interstate agreements the presidents of the two countries held a joint press conference. President Heydar Aliyev made a statement in the press conference. He said: "The Republic of Azerbaijan highly appreciates the state and national independence. Thus, every step taken to strengthen it is of particular importance for us. We are moving towards a democratic, legal and civilized society and the building, and we do everything possible for Azerbaijan could reach the level of the developed democratic countries."

On June 29, 1998, at the invitation of President Heydar Aliyev, President of Romania Emil Konstantinesku arrived in Azerbaijan on an official visit. During the visit the sides signed the declaration on the development of cooperation and friendly relations between Azerbaijan and Romania.

In the October of 2002, during the next visit of the Romanian President Ion Iliesku to Azerbaijan, the presidents signed a declaration on cooperation and agreements among the corresponding organizations of the two countries in science and technology. In a joint press conference held later President of Azerbaijan Heydar Aliyev declared about the similarity of positions between Azerbaijan and Romania in the political sphere. He said:" I think that the agreement signed between me and President Iliescu has a special significance. This declaration is devoted to political issues and displays a shared vision and understanding of Azerbaijan and Romania in international affairs and also in matters concerning our region."

During the visit, President Ion Iliescu was awarded the diploma of the honorary title of Doctor of Azerbaijan Technical University.

In the October of 2003, after the election of Ilham Aliyev President of the Republic of Azerbaijan relations with Romania have been developing successfully.

On October 11-12, 2004, Ilham Aliyev paid an official visit to Romania. He met the re-elected Romanian President Ion Iliescu. During the visit the sides signed a joint declaration and 12 documents relating to different areas. In the framework of the visit there was a ceremony devoted to the opening of the monument of Heydar Aliyev in Bucharest. During his visit President Ilham Aliyev visited the Oil and Gas University of Ploieşti. President Ilham Aliyev was awarded the honorary title of Doctor of the University.

On October 11-12, 2006, the newly elected Romanian president Traian Bǎsescu arrived in Azerbaijan on an official visit. During the meeting the Presidents emphasized the successful development of political, economic and other relations between the two countries. The presdients also noted the development in the process of integrating to the Euro-Atlantic structures.

On September 24, 2007, President Ilham Aliyev paid a business visit to Romania. There was a tête-à-tête meeting between the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev and Romanian President Traian Bǎsescu. During the meeting the Presidents exchanged views on bilateral relations and cooperation in the framework of international projects, on the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict and other issues. Then, with the participation of President Ilham Aliyev and President of Heydar Aliyev Foundation Mehriban Aliyeva held the opening ceremony of the Romanian Representation of the Foundation. Then there was the opening ceremony of the park after Heydar Aliyev in Bucharest. President Traian Bǎsescu spoke at the opening ceremony and called Azerbaijan a great friend of their country. Speaking of the cooperation between the two countries, he noted that the foundations of these relations were laid by Heydar Aliyev, and they consider it their duty to perpetuate his memory.

On August 21, 2008, President of Romania Traian Bǎsescu paid a return official visit to Azerbaijan. President Ilham Aliyev said that the bilateral friendship and regional relations are developing successfully and our countries are close partners in political, economic, cultural and energy fields. President Traian Bǎsescu emphasized that Azerbaijan is an important country in the region and plays an important role in the regional issues. He said that at the moment Azerbaijan plays an important role in the energy safety of Europe.

On September 28-29, 2009, President of the Republic of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev was on an official visit to Romania. President Ilham Aliyev and President of Romania signed a joint declaration on the establishment of a strategic cooperation between Azerbaijan and Romania, agreement on cooperation between the Azerbaijani and Romanian governments in the fight against trans-border organized crimes and international terrorism, agreement on cooperation between the Azerbaijani and Romanian governments in elimination, limitation and reduction of consequences of emergency situations and other documents. After signing the documents the presidents held a joint press conference. The Presidents made statements. President Ilham Aliyev said:" As you noted, all the frozen conflicts, including the settlement of the Armenian-Azerbaijani, Nagorno-Karabakh conflict must be solved on international principles and respect for the territorial integrity of countries, and I thank you for this. All the problems in the world, including the conflicts, can only find a solution on the basis of international law."

Economic relations: The Azerbaijani-Romanian economic relations are developing rapidly. Romania expressed the desire to participate in the export of the Azerbaijani oil to the European market. These countries cooperate in various regional projects, including the TRACECA program. Documents on 43 different fields were signed between Azerbaijan and Romania. On September 8-10, 1998, along with presidents of other countries, the Romanian President Emil Constantinescu took part in the conference dedicated to the restoration of the historic Silk Road and signed a multilateral agreement.

On June 4, 2006, President of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev was on visit to Bucharest to participate at the Black Sea Forum for Dialogue and Partnership. Various aspects of bilateral cooperation were discussed during the visit.

Cultural relations: Cultural relations are developing between the two countries. "An Azerbaijani-Romanian friendship society" in Baku and the Romanian-Azerbaijani friendship society "Rom- Azer" function in Bucharest. In 2006 a monument to the famous Romanian composer J.Enesku was erected in Baku. A book by the famous Romanian journalist on the history of Azerbaijan, successes in the years of independence and the life and political activity of Heydar Aliyev, hes been published in Romanian and English. The great Azerbaijani poet Muhammad Fuzuli is the only classical poet whose works have been translated into Romanian. The works of Anar, Chingiz Abdullaev, Elchin and B. Vahabzade have been translated into Romanian and published.

Azerbaijan has a special role in the energy security of Europe. Romania, as well as other countries, appreciate it and consider Azerbaijan a principal partner country in the region. Azerbaijan and Romania are working closely within the international organizations. Romania respects the territorial integrity of countries in the Azerbaijani-Armenian Nagorno-Karabakh conflict.

General historical reference was compiled on April 5, 2010.